Faridabad is a part of the National Capital Region [NCR] of Delhi and spans over an area of 2,760 sq. kms. It lies in the south western part of Haryana and is known as one of the most populated and industrialized city of Haryana. It is bounded on the north by Delhi, on the west by Gurgaon and parts of Uttar Pradesh on the Eastern and Southern borders. It is also surrounded by the Aravalli range on the western and southern borders and the Yamuna River on the eastern border.
Faridabad is a medieval town founded in 1607 AD by Sheikh Farid who was a Jhahgir treasurer and hence was named after its founder. Farid constructed this town with the primary purpose of protecting the highway that passed through the town, however, on 15th August 1979, Faridabad was converted into the 12th district of Haryana State. Faridabad encompasses the towns of Ballabhgarh, Palwal and Suraj Kund.
Due to the proximity of Faridabad with Delhi, it was chosen as a part of the NCR region and developed as a satellite city of Delhi. The town has seen rapid growth in economy, business, infrastructure, lifestyle, real estate, industrialization, education and health care and is constantly growing. Today, this town is the largest satellite city and one of the major industrial hubs of Haryana.
The District of Faridabad was originally divided into five sub divisions viz. Faridabad, Ballabhgarh, Hathin, Hodal and Palwal. Later, in order to ease the town’s Civil Administration, three of these sub divisions namely Hathin, Hodal and Palwal became a part of the newly carved Palwal District and the other two sub divisions viz. ‘Faridabad’ and ‘Ballabhgarh’ remained as individual sub districts each headed by a Sub Divisional Magistrate. The Municipal Corporation of Faridabad or ‘MCF’ supervises the provision of urban civic amenities to the residents of this City.
Faridabad homes people from various cultural backgrounds, however, the native inhabitants are the Jats and Gujjars accompanied by migrants from Uttar Pradesh, parts of Haryana, Bihar, Rajasthan, West Bengal and so forth. It also homes various corporate establishments, IT companies, government departments including Manufacturing and Service Industries such as Central Insecticides, Escorts limited, JCB India, Orient Fans, Whirlpool and Yamaha Motors India Pvt. Ltd. to name a few. This City is known for housing ‘Heena Production’ that falls under the Agricultural Sector whereas produce like Motorcycles, Refrigerators, Shoes, Switch Gears, Tractors and Tyres are popular industrial products of this city. These Industries contribute to almost 60% of the revenue of Haryana while 50% of the Income Tax collected comes from Faridabad and Gurgaon alone.
Faridabad has good schools such as Apeejay School situated in Sector 15, Aravali International School, Carmel Convent School in Sector 7D, Dayanand Anglo Vedic Public School in Sector 14, Delhi Public School, Jiva Public School, Modern School, Ryan International School and St. Albans School including several engineering colleges such as B. S. Anangpuria Institute Of Technology And Management, DAV Institute Of Management And Technology, LINGAYA'S Institute Of Management & Technology, Manav Rachna College Of Engineering, Rai Foundation Engineering College, Saheed Bhagat Singh College Of Management And YMCA Institute Of Engineering.
Tourist spots in Faridabad include the famous Badkhal Lake situated approximately 32 kms away from Delhi. Beside this, Dabchick, Aravalli Golf Club, Suraj Kund Tourist Complex and Raja Nahar Singh Palace and are popular tourist attractions.
Faridabad is approximately 40.3 kms or 61 minutes from the Indira Gandhi International Airport. It is also well connected by local trains that ply between Delhi and the main areas of Faridabad. The region offers a fleet of Haryana Roadways buses that ply frequently between major cities and its own fleet of Auto Rickshaws, taxi cabs, Tongas, Private and inter-state buses.